Prof. Sophia Reibetanz Moreau
Associate Professor

Jackman Law Building
78 Queen's Park
Toronto, Ontario M5S 2C5 

Tel.: 416-946-7830

Sophia Moreau, B.Phil (Oxford); Ph.D. (Harvard); J.D. (Toronto) is Associate Professor in the Faculty of Law and the Department of Philosophy, a Faculty Associate at the Centre for Ethics, and a Faculty Associate of Victoria College (an undergraduate College in the University of Toronto).

Professor Moreau works on a number of philosophical issues in legal, political and moral philosophy, and on related legal issues in discrimination law, constitutional law, and tort law.  She has published extensively on discrimination and discrimination law and also on constitutional equality rights; and she has also written on practical reasoning and character, contractualism, and aggregation.  Her articles have appeared in journals such as Philosophy and Public Affairs, Ethics, Utilitas, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, the Canadian Journal of Philosophy, the University of Toronto Law Journal, and a number of other law journals in Canada, as well as in anthologies such as Philosophical Foundations of Constitutional Law and Philosophical Foundations of Discrimination Law.  She is an Associate Editor of Philosophy and Public Affairs.

She is currently working on a book on discrimination, entitled The Many Faces of Equality, which defends a pluralist theory of why discrimination is unfair.  It is based on ideas in her articles “What is Discrimination?”, “Discrimination as Negligence” and “In Defense of a Liberty-Based Account of Discrimination”.

Professor Moreau believes that legal theory should be informed by, and engaged with, legal practice.  Her approach to discrimination has been cited by the Canadian Supreme Court in seminal equality rights cases such as R. v. Kapp, [2008] 2 S.C.R. 483, Withler v. Canada, [2011] 1 SCR 396, and Quebec v. A, [2013] 1 S.C.R. 61. She has made presentations to the Ontario Court of Appeal and the Constitutional Law Branch of the Ministry of the Attorney General, Ontario; has worked with L.E.A.F.; and has been a member of the Research Ethics Board at Toronto’s Hospital for Sick Children.  In 2005, she wrote a commissioned report for the federal government recommending that “gender identity” be added to the Canadian Human Rights Act as a prohibited ground of discrimination.  She was called to the Bar of Ontario in 2006.

Prior to coming to the University of Toronto, Professor Moreau served as law clerk to Chief Justice Beverley McLachlin of the Supreme Court of Canada.  She has also been a Frank Knox Memorial Fellow at Harvard University and a Commonwealth Scholar at the University of Oxford.

J.D., University of Toronto, Faculty of Law
Ph.D., Harvard University, Department of Philosophy
B.Phil., Oxford University, Balliol College
B.A. (High Distinction), University of Toronto, Victoria College
Awards and distinctions
S.S.H.R.C. Standard Research Grant, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, 2006-2014
S.S.H.R.C. Aid to Workshops Grant, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, July 2011-June 2012
Wright Grant, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto (2005 - 06)
The Emily and Charles Carrier Dissertation Prize, Harvard University (2000)
The Francis Bowen Prize in Philosophy, Harvard University (2000)
Harvard Merit Fellowship (1999)
Frank Knox Memorial Fellowship, Harvard University (1996 - 98)
Oxford University - Commonwealth Scholarship (1994 - 1996)
Other service
Member of the Editorial Board, Law and Philosophy (2010 - ongoing)
Member of the Research Ethics Board, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto (2007-2011)
Member of the Law Society of Upper Canada (2006 Call to the Bar; not currently practising)
Research areas
Charter of Rights
Equality and Anti-Discrimination Law
Political Philosophy and Theory
Tort Law and Tort Theory