Prof. Sophia Reibetanz Moreau
Professor of Law and Philosophy

Jackman Law Building
78 Queen's Park
Toronto, Ontario M5S 2C5 

Tel.: 416-946-7830

Sophia Moreau is Professor in the Faculty of Law and the Department of Philosophy, University of Toronto, a Faculty Associate at the U of T’s Centre for Ethics, and a Faculty Associate of Victoria College.  Prior to coming to the University of Toronto, she clerked for Chief Justice Beverley McLachlin at the Supreme Court of Canada; was a Frank Knox Memorial Fellow at Harvard University, where she completed a Ph.D. in philosophy; and was a Commonwealth Scholar at Balliol College Oxford, where she received a B.Phil.

Professor Moreau currently holds a 5 year Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada grant for a project entitled “Tort Law In Its Social Context” –which will look at the impact that tort law has on a variety of minority groups in Canada. 

Professor Moreau works both on philosophical problems in moral, political and legal philosophy and on legal issues in discrimination law and tort law.  Her book, Faces of Inequality: A Theory of Wrongful Discrimination,” was published as part of the Oxford Legal Philosophy Series in April 2020.  Her recent philosophical work on discrimination includes articles such as “Discrimination and Subordination”, “The Moral Seriousness of Indirect Discrimination”, “Equality and Discrimination”, “What is Discrimination?”, “Discrimination as Negligence” and “In Defense of a Liberty-Based Account of Discrimination.”  Her other books include Philosophical Foundations of Discrimination Law (co-edited with Deborah Hellman) and Law and Morality (co-edited with David Dyzenhaus and Arthur Ripstein).

Her articles have appeared in journals such as Philosophy and Public AffairsEthics, Utilitas, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, the Canadian Journal of Philosophy, the University of Toronto Law Journal, and a number of other law journals in Canada, as well as in anthologies such as The Cambridge Companion to Philosophy of Law, Foundations of Indirect Discrimination Law, Philosophical Foundations of Constitutional Law, The Routledge Handbook of the Ethics of Discrimination, and Philosophical Foundations of Discrimination Law.  

Professor Moreau is an Associate Editor of Philosophy and Public Affairs and is on the Editorial Board of Law and Philosophy.

Professor Moreau believes that legal theory should be informed by, and engaged with, legal practice.  Her approach to discrimination has been cited by the Canadian Supreme Court in seminal equality rights cases such as R. v. Kapp, [2008] 2 S.C.R. 483, Withler v. Canada, [2011] 1 SCR 396, and Quebec v. A, [2013] 1 S.C.R. 61. She has made presentations to the Ontario Court of Appeal and the Constitutional Law Branch of the Ministry of the Attorney General, Ontario; has worked with L.E.A.F.; and has been a member of the Research Ethics Board at Toronto’s Hospital for Sick Children.  In 2005, she wrote a commissioned report for the Government of Canada recommending that “gender identity” be added to the Canadian Human Rights Act as a prohibited ground of discrimination (it was added in 2017).  She was called to the Bar of Ontario in 2006.

J.D., University of Toronto, Faculty of Law
Ph.D., Harvard University, Department of Philosophy
B.Phil., Oxford University, Balliol College
B.A. (High Distinction), University of Toronto, Victoria College
Awards and distinctions
5 year Insight Grant, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, 2019-2024
Standard Research Grant, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC), 2006-2014
Aid to Workshops Grant, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC), 2011-2012
Wright Grant, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto, 2005-06
The Emily and Charles Carrier Dissertation Prize, Harvard University, 2000
The Francis Bowen Prize in Philosophy, Harvard University, 2000
Research areas
Equality and Anti-Discrimination Law
Moral Philosophy
Political Philosophy and Theory
Tort Law and Tort Theory