For questions about specializing your studies and careers, see the Career Development Office's Frequently Asked Questions.

How can I obtain a guidebook and application for admission?

Our JD Admissions Guide is available online from the JD Admissions website.  The JD application is completed electronically through OLSAS at

When is the application deadline for the JD first year?

Each year the application deadline is November 1.  However, the Faculty of Law is prepared to consider late applicants. If you are considering submitting your application after this deadline date, review the late application procedure detailed in the JD Application Procedure section of the admissions website.

What are the first-year tuition fees?

Please see the Tuition Fees web page for complete information about fees. 

What is the JD degree at the University of Toronto?

JD stands for Juris Doctor.  It is the degree designation the University of Toronto uses for its law degree program.  Many other Canadian law schools are now changing to this degree designation, although a few continue to use the degree designation LL.B., which stands for Bachelor of Laws.

The JD degree is a law degree designation that is typically granted to students who receive a legal education after they have completed an undergraduate degree.  On the other hand, the LL.B. is typically granted after completion of a legal education that is obtained following graduation from high school, which is the case in virtually all other Commonwealth jurisdictions.  The JD degree designation is intended to bring the University of Toronto law school into line with international standards for second-degree law programs.

The University of Toronto feels that the JD degree designation more accurately reflects the educational accomplishments of the vast majority of the Faculty's graduates who enter with at least one university degree (approximately 20% now enter our law school with graduate degrees as well).  In addition, the JD is viewed as providing our graduates with a more competitive degree designation.  This is particularly important for the increasing numbers of U of T students and graduates who choose to work or study outside Canada. 

I already have a law degree, do I need the JD to practice in Canada?

Not necessarily. To determine any educational requirements to be licensed to practice, your very first step is to obtain an evaluation of your law degree and related experience by the National Committee on Accreditation (NCA). The NCA is operated by the Federation of Law Societies of Canada, which is the national coordinating body of Canada’s provincial and territorial law societies (licensing authorities).

Can I work in the United States with the University of Toronto JD degree?

The University of Toronto JD degree is not an American JD degree.  It is a Canadian JD degree designation.  The University of Toronto Faculty is not approved by the American Bar Association (nor is any Canadian law school). "ABA" approval is often a pre-requisite for admission to practice in a particular American state.  Only US law schools are ABA-approved. Regarding Canadian-educated and Canadian-trained applicants, each state in the United States has its own bar admission requirements. Currently, states which accept our law degree as "equivalent" to an American law degree are New York and Massachusetts.  Another popular destination for our graduates is California, but to be eligible to write the California Bar, one must first be called to the Bar of a Canadian province, or another American state such as New York. Detailed requirements for every state are available in a publication called the Comprehensive Guide to Bar Admission Requirements, published by the American Bar Association.

How many applications does the Faculty of Law receive each year?

The Faculty of Law receives over 2,000 applications each year.

How large is the first-year class?

The Faculty of Law plans for a first-year class of about 200 students.

Can I begin law school directly after high school?

No. In Canada and the USA entry into the JD requires higher education study beyond secondary school.

How many years of an undergraduate program do I need in order to apply to the U of T Faculty of Law?

Applicants must have successfully completed three years of an approved course leading to a degree at a recognized university, no later than the end of May in the year of entry. However, prospective applicants should be aware that almost all of our students have completed a four-year degree. In recent years, fewer than five applicants a year have been admitted without a four-year undergraduate degree.

Pre-Law: what should I study to prepare for law school?

There is no prescribed "pre-law program."  Students at the law school come with undergraduate degrees in a wide range of disciplines including commerce, engineering, philosophy, English, political science, economics, biology, sociology and international relations to name just a few. 

How do you calculate my GPA?

Our review of an applicant's undergraduate record is sensitive to context. It is based on the principle that undergraduate records should be compared as fairly as possible across applicants. For this reason, we examine the pattern of the intensity of the course work  taken across an applicant's undergraduate career (light versus heavy, full-time versus part-time, co-op versus regular, introductory versus upper-year courses, courses on exchange, courses during the summer term).

We also examine the patterns of results the applicant achieved in that coursework (increasing trends, sustained periods of strong performance, short-term deviations, cumulative results, etc). Moreover, we take into account the nature of the program and the undergraduate institution (or institutions) at which an applicant has studied. Specifically, programs and institutions have varying grading practices, which we take into account in our assessment. In general, the Admissions Committee examines each applicant's academic record with a view to meaningful and fair comparisons of undergraduate performance.

Our GPA is calculated on undergraduate courses only, using the best three academic years (traditionally the fall and winter sessions) of full-time study. We use the results of these calculations merely as a starting point for our context-sensitive analysis.

COVID-19: How would Credit/No Credit (pass/fail) courses on my 2019-2020 academic record impact my chances of admission?

If my academic record is not competitive, will it help if I complete a graduate degree?

A very strong performance in a graduate program may overcome modest weaknesses in an undergraduate record, but will not usually overcome an undergraduate record which is otherwise uncompetitive.

When should I write the LSAT?

June 2019 - May 2020
In Canada and the US, the LSAT is offered nine times a year in June, July, September, October, November, January, February, March and April.  For the desired year of entry into the JD first year, the latest score we will accept for first-year entry is that year's January LSAT score and for upper year entry that year's June LSAT score. We recommend that you write earlier.

An LSAT score is valid for 5 years. For entry into first-year we suggest that you write the LSAT by the November of your final year of university. Our admissions process is rolling, which means that offers of admission will begin to go out in early December. The class may be close to full once the results of the January LSAT become available

IMPORTANT: Effective June 2019
The multiple choice portion of the test is written at a test centre, The LSAT Writing portion of the test is completed separately. The LSAT score will only a made available to law schools when both the LSAT Writing and multiple choice portions are completed. Therefore, you must ensure that the LSAT Writing is completed before the release date of the results of the multiple choice portion for the last valid LSAT test for the entry year, otherwise the law school will not receive the score in time for consideration.

If I write the LSAT more than once, which score is used?

An LSAT score is valid for five years. If more than one LSAT score is reported, all LSAT scores within the past five years will be seen and considered by the Admissions Committee. Generally, we place emphasis on the highest LSAT score reported.

Does the Faculty of Law have any special access or special category programs?

Yes, the Faculty of Law has a special application category for Indigenous/Aboriginal applicants. For detailed information see the Indigenous Applicants section of the admissions web page.

Does the Faculty of Law have a mature applicant category?

Yes, the Faculty of Law has a mature applicant category. Mature applicants are those who have or will have at least five complete years of non-academic experience by September of the year of entry. There is no target or quota on the number of mature candidates admitted, but there has been a steady increase in both the number and the competitiveness of mature applicants. In recent years, about 300 applications have been received annually. As a result the mature category has been virtually as competitive as the general category. For detailed information see the Mature Applicants section of the admissions web page.