Director: Assistant Dean Sara Faherty (

The Combined JD/MA (Economics) Program is designed for students who intend to pursue careers in areas that require some sophistication in economics, such as competition policy, commercial contracting, mergers and acquisitions, business organization, tax policy, environmental law and international trade regulation.

The JD/MA in Economics allows a combined-degree applicant to complete both the JD and the 8-month MA program in three years of academic study rather than the four years that would be required in order to receive each degree separately. Note: the JD cannot be combined with any of the collaborative programs. Applicants must apply to each program separately but indicate on their applications that they wish to be considered for the Combined JD/MA program. They will be considered for the Combined Program after they have secured independent admission to the JD and MA programs. They will be registered in the Faculty of Law for all three years of the program and in the Department of Economics as well for the last two years.


  1. In the first year of the program students complete all first year courses of the JD program at the Faculty of Law. 
  2. In the second and third years of the program, in addition to the math stat review (ECO 1010H), students must complete six half courses in Economics and 45 credits in Law  Starting in 2024, students will need 46 upper year credits in Law. Students graduating in 2023 are strongly encouraged to complete 46 upper year credits, but 45 will be accepted. Enrolment in Economics will be as follows:
(a)  the following four economics courses:

      ECO 1200H Microeconomic Theory
      ECO 1100H Macroeconomic Theory
      ECO 1400H Econometrics
      ECO 1950H Economic Analysis of Law

(b)  any other two economic courses, subject to approval by the Graduate Director.
      The following courses are recommended and will receive automatic approval:

       ECO 2300H International Trade
       ECO 2503H Financial Economics I
       ECO 2600H Public Economics I
       ECO 2601H Public Economics II
       ECO 2610H Health Economics
       ECO 2900H Industrial Organization I
       ECO 2901H Industrial Organization II
       ECO 2908H Environmental & Resource Economics 
(c)  a minimum of two from the following list of law courses (the law credit is in brackets) 

LAW 300H The Art of the Deal (3)
LAW 339H Advanced Bankruptcy Law (3)
LAW 408H Bankruptcy (3)
LAW 579H Competition Law and Intellectual Property  (3)
LAW 312H Competition Policy (3)
LAW 326H Contested Corporate Transactions (3)
LAW 310H Corporate Income Tax Law (4)
LAW 239H Environmental Law (3) 
LAW 216H Financing the Small Technology Firm (formerly Venture Capital Financing) (3) 
LAW 285H International Trade Regulation (3)
LAW 349H International Taxation (3)
LAW 399Y Law and Economics Workshop Seminar (2) 
LAW 243H Law, Institutions and Development (3)
LAW 351H Introduction to Law and Development (3) 
LAW 371H The Law of International Business and Finance Transactions (4)
LAW 356H Powering the Green Economy?: New Directions in Energy Regulation (3) 
LAW 318H Secured Transactions (4)
LAW 293H Securities Regulation (4) 
LAW 211Y Tax Law and Policy (2)

 Recognizing that one or more of the courses listed may not be offered in any given year, substitutions can be made with the approval of the Combined Program Director.

(d)  An additional number of credits at the Faculty of Law in courses approved by the
      Combined Program Director in Law such that the total number of law credits equals 45.  

Students must satisfy the requirements as established for each degree program. Students will be registered in the Faculty of Law for all three years of the program and in the Department of Economics for the last two:
Program Registration
Year OneFaculty of Law Full time
Year TwoFaculty of Law
Department of Economics
Part time
Full time
Year ThreeFaculty of Law
Department of Economics
Full time
Part time

Students enrolled in joint programs MUST complete the requirements of both programs in order to graduate in a joint program. No diplomas will be awarded until all the requirements for a joint program are fulfilled.

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To apply to the JD Program at the Faculty of Law, see Application Procedure for the JD Program on this Web site.
For more information about this combined program, contact the:
Admissions Office
Faculty of Law
University of Toronto
84 Queen's Park
Toronto, Ontario
Canada M5S 2C5
Telephone: (416) 978-3716
Fax: (416) 978-7899

Application forms for the MA Program may be obtained from:

Graduate Department of Economics
Max Gluskin House
150 St. George Street
University of Toronto
Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G7
Tel: (416) 978-4622 
Fax: (416) 978-6713
Web site:

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