New Articles Available Online: On Competition Law and Intellectual Property, and on Patents and Phramaceuticals Regulation

Two articles of mine have been recently published and are available online.  The first article, published in 49 Arizona Law Review is Making Sense of Nonsense: Intellectual Property, Antitrust, and Market Power.  Here's the abstract:

While the economic rationale for intellectual property ("IP") rights rests on the concepts of "monopoly" or "market power," the U.S. Supreme Court, in Illinois Tool Works v. Independent Ink, has recently joined a "virtual consensus" among antitrust commentators believing that no presumption of market power should exist in antitrust cases involving IP. This Article critically analyzes this consensus, and clarifies the relationship between IP and market power, shows why IP rights often do confer market power in the antitrust sense, but also explains why acknowledging this should not necessarily lead to oversized application of antitrust law to IP.

The second article is Pharmaceutical Lemons: Innovation and Regulation in the Drug Industry, published in 14 Michigan Telecommunications and Technology Law Review.  Here's the abstract:

Collectivizing Rights; Privatizing Taxation: The Unarticulated Function of Copyright Collectives

The recent proposal from the Songwriters Association of Canada to fully legalize peer-to-peer file sharing of music by adding a $5 monthly charge to the cost of Internet access (and similar proposals floating south of the border) has brought renewed attention in the role of levies and tariffs collected by copyright collectives in Canada.  I am now beginning a research project that looks at the broader implications of the expansion of collective administration of copyrights and the use of levies and tariffs.  Since the topic is current, I thought I'd use the blog not only for sharing some of my initial thoughts, but hopefully, to solicit some ideas that will help me to shape them.  Therefore, I'm posting below the description of the project and the questions  it seeks to answer.  Comments on or off the blog will be highly appreciated.  Here it is:

Substitution and Schumpeterian Effects Over the Lifecycle of Copyrighted Works

I have posted a new paper on SSRN.  The paper, titled Substitution and Schumpeterian Effects Over the Lifecycle of Copyrighted Works, develops the following two key insights. First, copyrighted works are affected by two types of competitive forces: substitutive competition and Schumpeterian competition. Second, the relevant magnitude of each of these competitive forces changes at various points over the lifecycle of copyrighted works. The earlier stages of a work's lifecycle are dominated by substitution effects, whereby many other works can function as very close substitutes. As the work develops to a full product, to which many other inputs have been added, it becomes less easily substitutable. This process intensifies as network effects of various kinds secure successful works' market position and render them less vulnerable to competition from close imitations. The competitive threat to which such works may be exposed becomes more Schumpeterian in nature: competition from other works which offer something new, and potentially preferable. Generally, copyright law unequivocally discourages merely substitutive competition, but is much less interested in discouraging Schumpeterian competition. This paper's time-based analysis provides both a justification to this distinction, as well as grounds to evaluating various existing rules and doctrines.

Copyright Dogma and the Denied Google Books Settlement

Last month Judge Chin denied the proposed Google Books Settlement (the Amended Settlement Agreement, or ASA). While I’m pleased with the outcome, I’m troubled with some aspects of the opinion.