Julian Huertas

SJD Candidate
Thesis title:
Human Rights Under Judicial Attack? When Domestic Courts Challenge the Authority of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Office in Falconer Hall
84 Queen's Park
Toronto, M5S 2C5

Julian Huertas Cardenas is a doctoral candidate at the University of Toronto Faculty of Law under the supervision of Professor Karen Knop. His research focuses on the recent resistance to the Inter-American Court of Human Rights by some domestic courts in Latin America. He holds an LL.M. from Columbia Law School, an LL.M. in International Law from Universidad de La Sabana (Colombia), and received the Law degree (equivalent to an LL.B.) from Universidad del Rosario (Colombia). He has been Assistant Professor of international law, now on leave, at Universidad de La Sabana (Colombia) since January 2014. His publications address the relationship between international and domestic law in Colombia and Latin America. He has also been a coach of La Sabana's teams that participate in moot courts like the Jessup International Law Moot Court Competition and the ELSA Moot Court Competition on WTO Law. Prior to joining La Sabana, he worked for two years at Schlumberger, an oilfield services company. 

S.J.D. Candidate, University of Toronto Faculty of Law (2019-present).
LL.M., Columbia University (2019).
LL.M. in International Law, Universidad de La Sabana (Colombia) (2016).
LL.B., Universidad del Rosario (Colombia) (2011).
Awards and Distinctions
Mary H. Beatty Fellowship, University of Toronto (2020).
Warren K. Winkler Graduate Fellowship in International Human Rights, University of Toronto Faculty of Law (2019).
Naomi Overend Fellowship in Human Rights, University of Toronto Faculty of Law (2019).
Houlden & Morawetz Graduate Scholarship, University of Toronto Faculty of Law (2019).
University of Toronto Fellowship (2019).
Harlan Fiske Stone Scholar, Columbia Law School (2019).
Parker School Recognition of Achievement in International and Comparative Law, Columbia Law School (2019).
Laureate Thesis Award – Summa cum laude, Universidad de La Sabana (2016).
Selected Publications

Journal Articles

  • Diagnóstico sobre las relaciones entre el derecho internacional y el derecho interno. El caso colombiano (with Paola Acosta, Juana Acosta & Daniel Rivas), 16 Estudios Constitucionales, 2018.
  • Caso Chaparro Álvarez vs. Ecuador. Un caso de arbitraje sui generis y delegación de jurisdicción en el SIDH (with Nicolás Córdoba), 6 Revista Iberoamericana de Derecho Internacional y de la Integración, 2017.
  • Monismo moderado colombiano: examen a la teoría oficial de la Corte Constitucional desde la obra de Alfred Verdross, 132 Vniversitas, 2016.

Book Chapters

  • “Integración Europea, una nueva dogmática jurídica y el salto hacia el constitucionalismo plural”. In: Pampillo, Juan Pablo & Damián, Arturo (ed.), Integraciones Jurídicas Americanas: teoría, historia, instituciones y derecho. México, Editorial Porrúa, 2017.
  • “Teorías sobre la relación entre el derecho interno y el derecho internacional en la jurisprudencia constitucional colombiana,” (with Paola Acosta). In: Acosta, Juana & Acosta, Paola, et al. (eds), De Anacronismos y Vaticinios: Diagnóstico sobre las Relaciones entre el Derecho Internacional y el Derecho Interno en Latinoamérica. Bogotá, Universidad Externado de Colombia, 2017.
  • “De los modelos de desarrollo al derecho a la igualdad,” (with Juan Fernando Sánchez). In: Rodríguez, Gloria & Vargas-Chaves, Iván (eds.), Políticas de igualdad e intereses  colectivos: reflexiones y nuevos retos. Bogotá, Grupo Editorial Ibáñez, Universidad de Salamanca (España), 2014.


  • The Precarity of the People, Columbia Center for Contemporary Critical Thought, June 2019 (Link here).
  • Assemblies, People and Democracy in 2019, Columbia Center for Contemporary Critical Thought, June 2019 (Link here).
  • To Destitute the World, Columbia Center for Contemporary Critical Thought, October 2018 (Link here).


Research Interests
Comparative Law
International Law
Judicial Decision-Making
Law and Globalization
Legal Theory
Committee Members

Doug Sarro

SJD Candidate
Thesis title:
The Learning Regulator
Office in Falconer Hall
84 Queen's Park
Toronto, M5S 2C5

Doug is a doctoral candidate at the University of Toronto Faculty of Law. His dissertation will look at how the techniques securities regulators use to learn about financial innovations influence their responses to these innovations.

Doug has written on topics relating to corporate, securities, contract, and constitutional law. His work has been published in, among other journals, The Business Lawyer, the Canadian Bar Review, the Canadian Business Law Journal, the Osgoode Hall Law Journal, and the University of Toronto Faculty of Law Review.

After graduating as gold medallist from Osgoode Hall Law School, Doug clerked for Chief Justice Winkler and Justices Gillese, MacFarland, Watt, and Pardu of the Court of Appeal for Ontario. He then practiced corporate law at Sullivan & Cromwell LLP in New York, working on, among other matters, the AT&T-Time Warner and Kraft-Heinz mergers, and MetLife's successful challenge of its designation as “too big to fail” by the U.S. Financial Stability Oversight Council. Doug later served as a senior advisor at the Ontario Securities Commission (OSC), where he contributed to public reports on enhancing disclosure effectiveness, protecting senior investors, and the cryptoasset sector in Ontario, among other topics.

Doug is admitted to practice law in Ontario and New York, and holds the Chartered Financial Analyst® (CFA) designation. He serves as Managing Editor of the University of Toronto Law Journal and sits on the Canadian Advocacy Council of CFA Societies Canada. In 2018 and 2019, he taught Business Associations at Osgoode Hall Law School.

J.D., Osgoode Hall Law School
H.B.A., University of Toronto (Victoria College)
Awards and Distinctions
J-A Bombardier Canada Graduate Scholarship (Doctoral), SSHRC
Graduate Fellowship in Capital Markets Research, University of Toronto Faculty of Law
Best Practitioner Research in Post-Modern Portfolio Theory, Investor Responsibility Research Center Institute (with E.J. Waitzer)
The Gold Medal and George Graham Sinclair Memorial Prize, Osgoode Hall Law School
Professional Affiliations
Law Society of Ontario
New York State Bar
CFA Institute
Selected Publications


"Measure Once, Cut Twice’: Weyerhaeuser Company Ltd. v. Ontario (Attorney General) and the Interpretation of Indemnities" (2019) 62 Canadian Business Law Journal 1–34 (lead author, with P.J. Davis).

"In Search Of Things Past And Future: Judicial Activism And Corporate Purpose" (2018) 55 Osgoode Hall Law Journal 791–826 (with E.J. Waitzer) (peer-reviewed).

"Fiduciary Society Unleashed: The Road Ahead for the Financial Sector" (2014) 69 The Business Lawyer 1081–1116 (with E.J. Waitzer) (peer-reviewed).

"Do Lenders Make Effective Regulators? An Assessment of the Equator Principles on Project Finance" (2012) 13 German Law Journal 1522–55.

"Breaking the Bargain: A Comment on the Constitutional Validity of Bill C-7, the Proposed Senate Reform Act" (2012) 70 University of Toronto Faculty of Law Review 115–40 (peer-reviewed).

"The Public Fiduciary: Emerging Themes in Canadian Fiduciary Law for Pension Trustees" (2012) 91 Canadian Bar Review 163–209 (with E.J. Waitzer) (peer-reviewed).

Book chapters

"Reasonable Expectations and Fiduciary Obligations: Legal Pathways to Longer-Term Thinking" in D. Barton, D.J. Horvath & M. Kipping (eds.), Re-Imagining Capitalism: Building a Responsible Long-Term Model (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016) 226–245 (with E.J. Waitzer).

"The public fiduciary: a Canadian perspective" in J.P. Hawley et al. (eds.), Cambridge Handbook of Institutional Investment and Fiduciary Responsibility (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014) 9–19 (with E.J. Waitzer)

Book review

"Rational Choices, But for Whom? Transnational Financial Regulation after the Crisis" [Review of Soft Law and the Global Financial System: Rule Making in the 21st Century, by C. Brummer] (2011) 2 Transnational Legal Theory 455–62.

Research Interests
Business Corporations
Business Law
Comparative Law
Economic Analysis of Law
Securities Regulation
Committee Members

Asper Centre Constitutional Roundtable with Prof Brandon Garrett of Duke University School of Law

"Wealth, Equal Protection and Due Process"

 with UTLaw's Associate Professor Vincent Chiao as Discussant

 October 2nd 12:30-2:00 pm in Jackman J125

Michaël Lessard

SJD Candidate
Thesis title:
Giving Effect to Voiceless Autonomy: Death, Incapacity, and Animals
Office in Falconer Hall
84 Queen's Park
Toronto, M5S 2C5
University of Toronto, SJD (in progress)
New York University, LLM (Legal Theory)
McGill University, BCL & LLB (Hons.)
Awards and Distinctions
SSHRC Joseph-Armand Bombardier Doctoral Scholarship
FRQSC Doctoral Research Scholarship
Macdonald Travelling Scholarship (McGill Faculty of Law)
National Millennium Excellence Entrance Award (Government of Canada)
Lieutenant Governor’s Youth Medal (Government of Québec)
Professional Affiliations
Barreau du Québec (2016)
Paul-André Crépeau Centre for Private and Comparative Law
Institut de recherches et d’études féministes
Théâtre du Portage
Young Bar of Montréal
Other information


  • Bodies, Identities and the Self 
    (mainly Health Law & Bioethics, Animal Law, Law of Persons, Family Law)
  • Sexual and Conjugal Violence
  • Linguistic Sexism 
Selected Publications


Mourir au 21e siècle : entre corporalités et technologies [trans. Dying in the 21st Century: Corporealities and Technologies], Montréal, Yvon Blais [forthcoming in 2020] (edited volume with Audrey Deveault). 

Réflexions contemporaines sur la mort, volume 2 : Perspectives sociales [trans. Contemporary Reflections on Death, Volume 2: Social Perspectives], Saint-Joseph-du-Lac, M éditeur [forthcoming in 2020] (edited volume with Audrey Deveault). 

Réflexions contemporaines sur la mort, volume 1 : Perspectives culturelles [trans. Contemporary Reflections on Death, Volume 1: Cultural Perspectives], Saint-Joseph-du-Lac, M éditeur [forthcoming in 2020] (edited volume with Audrey Deveault). 

Manuel de grammaire non sexiste et inclusive [trans. Non-Sexist and Inclusive Grammar Guide], Paris, Syllepse, 2018 [French edition of the Grammaire non sexiste de la langue française](with Suzanne Zaccour). 

Grammaire non sexiste de la langue française [trans. Non-Sexist Grammar of the French Language]Saint-Joseph-du-Lac, M éditeur, 2017 (with Suzanne Zaccour). 

Dictionnaire critique du sexisme linguistique [trans. Critical Dictionary of Linguistic Sexism], Montréal, Somme Toute, 2017 (edited volume with Suzanne Zaccour). 



L’animal, toujours dans l’enclos de la propriété? Bilan des cinq premières années suivant l’adoption de l’article 898.1 CcQ [trans. The Animal, Still a Thing? Overview of the First Five Years Since the Enactment of 898.1 CCQ] [under review]. 

  • Arguing that the 2015 animal law reform in Québec limits an owner’s right of abusus over their animal, thus limiting their right to kill this animal without a compelling reason. 

Remuer ciel et terre : L’autonomie corporelle après la mort à l’épreuve de l’exhumation [trans. Leave No Stone Unturned: Bodily Autonomy After Death and Disinterment] [under review]. 

  • Arguing that judges, in order to discover the deceased’s presumptive wishes in the absence of clearly expressed wishes regarding the disposal of their body, uses a narrative approach or a relational approach to human nature. Theorizing and critically assessing the case law on disinterment since the adoption of the Civil Code of Québec in 1994. 

Quel espoir pour les victimes de violences sexuelles ou conjugales? L’indemnisation étatique : enquête sur une structure juridique défaillante [trans. What Hope is There for Victims of Sexual or Domestic Violence? State Compensation: Investing a Failing Legal Structure], Cahiers de droit [forthcoming in 2020]. 

  • Providing a critical assessment of the Crime Victims Compensation Act of Québec. 

A Dynamic Judicial Approach to Diachronic Legislative Integrity, Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence [forthcoming in 2020].

  • Arguing that theories of statutory interpretation should account for the fact that legislative bodies are in a dynamic process of building coherence and consistency in the law, but that the law might not be a coherent, consistent and complete whole yet. Consequently, courts ought to give more importance to legal norms that a legislative body is most committed to and less to norms this body has neglected or abandoned although they might still be visible in legal texts. 

Les amoureux sur les bancs publics: Le traitement juridique du polyamour en droit québécois [trans. Lovers on Public Benches: The Legal Treatment of Polyamory under Québec Law], (2019) 32:1 Canadian Journal of Family Law 1. 

  • Defining polyamory, monoamory, and related concepts. Arguing that four approaches are used in Québec to orient people toward monogamous relationships and away from polyamorous relationships: (1) limiting to two the number of parents per child, (2) facilitating spousal care, (3) protecting spouses against economic vulnerability, and (4) prohibiting certain polyamorous arrangements (criminalization of polygamy). 

Quel genre de droit? Autopsie du sexisme dans la langue juridique [trans. Autopsy of Sexism in the Legal Language], [2019] (2017) 47:2 Revue de droit de l’Université Sherbrooke 225 (with Suzanne Zaccour). 

  • Tracking sexism in the language of the law, laying down a nomenclature of jurilinguistic sexisms (lexical, grammatical, terminological) as well as developing two new notions: the linguistic glass ceiling and ostentatious feminines. 
  • Cited by the Supreme Court of Canada in R. v. Friesen, 2020 SCC 9. 

Le calcul des aliments du parent de fait : de l’approche synchronique à l’approche étapiste [trans. Calculating the support paid by a de facto parent: moving from a synchronic to a layered approach], (2019) 60:1 Cahiers de droit 251. 

  • Arguingfor the adoption of a layered approach to child support, under which the support obligation of a de facto parent is subsidiary to the obligation of the civil parent. 

« Why couldn’t you just keep your knees together? » L’obligation déontologique des juges face aux victimes d’agression sexuelle [trans. The Ethical Obligations of Judges in Sexual Violence Cases], [2019] (2017) 63:1 McGill Law Journal 155. 

  • Arguingthat judges commit a breach of judicial ethics when they make a remark or a statement that (1) is likely to maintain the myth of the good victim of sexual violence, (2) participates in one of the four related stereotypes condemned in law and (3) is not justified by its relevance and necessity for legal reasoning.

Les dénonciations publiques d’agressions sexuelles : du mauvais usage de la présomption d’innocence [trans. Public Denunciation of Sexual Assault: Misunderstanding the Presumption of Innocence], (2017) 29:2 Canadian Journal of Women and the Law 401. 

  • Arguing that using the notion of presumption of innocence to prevent victims from denunciating cases of sexual assault is an inappropriate use of the notion. 



Coronavirus : développements récents en droit de la famille durant la pandémie de la COVID-19 (14 avril au 1er juin 2020) [trans. Coronavirus: Recent Developments in Family Law During the COVID-19 Pandemic (April 14 to June 1st, 2020)], (2020) June Repères. 

  • Providing a critical overview of family law developments, discussing among others return to school cases.  

Coronavirus : développements récents en droit de la famille concernant la garde et l’accès durant la pandémie de la COVID-19 (13 mars au 13 avril 2020) [trans. Coronavirus: Recent Developments in Family Law Regarding Custody and Access During the COVID-19 Pandemic (March 13 to April 13, 2020)], (2020) April Repères 2983. 

  • Providing a critical overview of family law developments, discussing among others custody and access cases. 

Commentaire sur la décision Roy c. Centre intégré universitaire de santé et de services sociaux de l’Est-de-l'Île-de-Montréal – Responsabilité civile pour entrave à la volonté de don d’organes et de tissus : l’autonomie corporelle après la mort [trans. Commentary on Roy c. Centre intégré universitaire de santé et de services sociaux de l’Est-de-l'Île-de-Montréal – Civil liability for obstructing the wish to donate organs and tissues : Bodily autonomy after death], (2020) March Repères 2924. 

  • Providing a critical assessment of Roy c. Centre intégré universitaire de santé et de services sociaux de l’Est-de-l'Île-de-Montréal, 2019 QCCQ 6257, a rare case of civil liability in the context of posthumous organ donation. 

Dialogue dissident : la désobéissance a-t-elle sa place sous une autorité linguistique inclusive? [trans. Dissenting dialogue: does disobedience have its place under an inclusive linguistic authority?], (2018) 53 Cahiers de l’éducation permanente 35 (with Suzanne Zaccour). 

  • Arguing that disobedience to linguistic authorities is not only justified when confronted to sexist institutions but also to inclusive ones in some circumstances. 

Parler féministe [trans. Speak Feminist], (2018) 1 “Lumières” Revue L’Esprit Libre 15 (with Suzanne Zaccour). 

  • Arguing in favour of “ostentatious” feminine words, that is, feminine words audibly distinct from masculine words. 



Poursuivre son agresseur aux petites créances? [trans. Suing One’s Sexual Assailant at the Small Claims Division?] in Penser une justice féministe, J. Chateauvert and S. Mayer (eds.), Remue-ménage, Montréal [forthcoming in 2020] (with Suzanne Zaccour). 

  • Outlining the pros and cons of suing one’s sexual assailant at the Small Claims Division of the Court of Québec. 



Mémoire sur le traitement juridique des personnes polyamoureuses et de leurs enfants [trans. Brief on the Legal Treatment of Polyamorists and their Children], Ministère de la Justice du Québec, June 28, 2019.  

Reviewed and commented on the draft of Terminology Standardization Division (Government of Canada), Gender and sexual diversity glossary, November 12, 2018. 

Mémoire sur la situation juridique des personnes polyamoureuses au Québec [trans. Brief on the Legal Status of Polyamorous Persons in Québec], Commission citoyenne sur le droit de la famille, Chambre des notaires du Québec, August 2018. 



“À qui appartient la langue française?”, Le Devoir, June 11, 2020, online.

“Le féminin mérite-t-il d’être entendu?”, Le Devoir, February 10, 2020, online

“La Cour d'appel tranche : Les chiens dangereux peuvent-ils être euthanasiés par les municipalités ?”, Jeune Barreau de Montréal, January 16, 2020 (with Romane Bonenfant), online

“Don d’organes : Pour un respect des personnes décédées”, La Presse, November 30, 2019, online.

“Comment aider les victimes de violence sexuelle et conjugale? Une réforme de l’IVAC est nécessaire”, La Presse, November 11, 2019, online.

“Avoir le droit de définir sa mort?”, Le Devoir, October 21, 2019, online.

“Violences sexuelles : un récent projet de loi ignoré des médias”, Jeune Barreau de Montréal, October 7, 2019 (with Romane Bonenfant), online.

“Il est temps de considerer la triparenté”, La Presse, August 24, 2019, online.

“Un consentement implicite, vraiment, docteur?”, La Presse, July 5, 2019, online.

“Laissez les sorcières, McCarthy et la liberté d’expression en paix!”, La Presse, February 21, 2019, online.

“Why couldn’t you just keep your knees together?” L’obligation déontologique des juges face aux victimes d’agression sexuelle, Extrajudiciaire, June, 2018. 

“Des bancs d’école au banc des accusés: le masculin destitué”, Le Devoir, November 18, 2017 (with Suzanne Zaccour), online

“Quand la ‘neutralité’ grammaticale rend les femmes invisibles”, Le Devoir, January 16, 2017 (with Suzanne Zaccour), online

“Le français n’a pas de sexe ?”, Ricochet, November 30, 2016 (with Suzanne Zaccour), online

“La langue du plafond de verre”, Ricochet, September 21, 2016 (with Suzanne Zaccour), online

“Le droit à la peine la moins sévère”, La Presse, April 25, 2016, online.

“Le vide juridique de l’aide médicale à mourir”, Le Devoir, December 12, 2015, online

“Du mauvais usage de la présomption d’innocence”, Le Devoir, October 30, 2015, online

“L’indignation. (Et après?)”, Faits et causes, December 2, 2014, (with Étienne Cloutier). 

“Jugement sur la prostitution : La réaction d’Ottawa pèche par électoralisme”, Le Devoir, January 14, 2014, online

Research Interests
Civil Law
Comparative Law
Critical Legal Theory
Family Law
Feminist Analysis of Law
Health Law
Judicial Decision-Making
Legal History
Legal Theory
Moral Philosophy
Property Law
Sexuality and the Law
Committee Members
Andrew Franklin-Hall (Philosophy)

Jérémy Boulanger-Bonnelly

Jérémy Boulanger-Bonnelly
SJD Candidate
Thesis title:
Whose Justice? A Comparative Approach to Disempowerment, Participation and Access to Justice
Office in Falconer Hall
84 Queen's Park
Toronto, M5S 2C5

Jérémy Boulanger-Bonnelly is a Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation Scholar and a Vanier Scholar. His research explores the role of public participation in improving access to justice. Originally from Quebec City, Jérémy completed his bachelor in civil law and common law at McGill University as a Loran Scholar. He then served as a law clerk to Justice Clément Gascon at the Supreme Court of Canada, and practised as a lawyer in civil, appellate and constitutional litigation in Montreal. In parallel to his research, he remains actively involved in access to justice initiatives, including as a pro bono lawyer in two constitutional cases and as a volunteer for Interligne’s LGBTQ+ legal information clinic in Montreal.

Doctor of Juridical Science (In Progress), University of Toronto, 2019-2023 (Expected)
Bachelor of Civil Law / Bachelor of Laws (Honours), McGill University, 2011-2015
Awards and Distinctions
Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarship, SSHRC, 2020
Doctoral Scholarship, Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation, 2020
Canada Graduate Scholarship - Doctoral, SSHRC, 2020 (Declined)
Doctoral Scholarship, Fonds de recherche du Québec - Société et Culture, 2020 (Declined)
Canada Graduate Scholarship - Master's Level, SSHRC, 2019
Aimé Geoffrion Medal, McGill University, 2015
Dean's Honours List, McGill University, 2013-2015
Maxwell Cohen Award in public international law, McGill University, 2015
Osler, Hoskin and Harcourt Prize in corporate and commercial law, McGill University, 2015
Bereskin & Parr Prize in intellectual and industrial property, McGill University, 2014
Patricia Allen Award for significant involvement in the life of the Faculty, McGill University, 2014
Kark Claxton Jr. Memorial Award, McGill University, 2014
Borden Ladner Gervais Research Fellowship, McGill University, 2012
W. Garfield Weston Loran Award, Loran Scholars Foundation, 2011
Professional Affiliations
Quebec Bar, 2017
Canadian Bar Association
Selected Publications

Louise Otis and Jérémy Boulanger-Bonnelly, “The Protection of Legitimate Expectations in Global Administrative Law” in George P. Politakis, Tomi Kohiyama and Thomas Lieby, eds., ILO 100 – Law for Social Justice (Geneva: ILO, 2019) 395-438.

Louise Otis and Jérémy Boulanger-Bonnelly, "Canada can help with the Rohingyas' legal needs"Policy Options, 18 December 2019.

Jérémy Boulanger-Bonnelly, "Les droits des personnes trans : quelques leçons d'un recours historique" (2019) 59:2 Education Canada 38.

Research Interests
Canadian Constitutional Law
Civil Law
Comparative Law
Judicial Decision-Making
Legal Process
Committee Members