Prof. Sophia Reibetanz Moreau
Professor of Law and Philosophy

Jackman Law Building
78 Queen's Park
Toronto, Ontario M5S 2C5 

Tel.: 416-946-7830


Sophia Moreau is Professor of Law and Philosophy (with a cross-appointment in the Department of Philosophy), a Faculty Associate at the U of T’s Centre for Ethics, and a Faculty Associate of Victoria College. She is an Associate Editor of Philosophy and Public Affairs, Book Reviews Editor of the University of Toronto Law Journal, and a member of the Editorial Board of Law and Philosophy. Prior to coming to the University of Toronto, she clerked for Chief Justice Beverley McLachlin at the Supreme Court of Canada; was a Frank Knox Memorial Fellow at Harvard University; and was a Commonwealth Scholar at Balliol College Oxford. 

She will hold a Chancellor Jackman Research Fellowship for 2021-22, and be a Weinstein Fellow at Berkeley in the spring of 2022.

Recent Publications

Professor Moreau’s book, Faces of Inequality: A Theory of Wrongful Discrimination,” has just been published by Oxford University Press (Oxford Legal Philosophy Series). For critical essays on the book, see the Book Forum published in the U of T’s C4e journal, featuring essays by Rebecca CookDeborah HellmanNiko KolodnyKasper Lippert-Rasmussen and Seana Shiffrin, as well as a “Reply to Critics” by Sophia Moreau.

Professor Moreau’s other work on discrimination includes articles such as “Discrimination and Subordination”, “The Moral Seriousness of Indirect Discrimination”, “Equality and Discrimination”, “What is Discrimination?”, “Discrimination as Negligence” and “In Defense of a Liberty-Based Account of Discrimination.” Her other books include Philosophical Foundations of Discrimination Law (co-edited with Deborah Hellman) and Law and Morality (co-edited with David Dyzenhaus and Arthur Ripstein).

Current Projects

Professor Moreau is currently working on two major projects. “Tort Law in a Social Context,” is supported by a 5 year SSHRC grant and involves setting up a database to track the impact of a variety of torts and tort law rules on minority groups in common law jurisdictions. "Obligations, Dignity, and Autonomy” is a project in normative ethics and legal philosophy, and looks at whether key moral concepts such as our concepts of obligation, dignity and autonomy have been conceptualized in law and in normative ethics in ways that marginalize the experiences of some social groups. It also investigates whether we can coherently conceptualize them in more inclusive ways.

Upcoming Talks

“Philosophical Foundations of Discrimination Law,” Panel presentation at The VII International Congress on Constitutional Law, Sept. 30, 2021
“Indirect Discrimination,” Panel presentation at The VII International Congress on Constitutional Law, Mexico, October 21, 2021
“Moral and Cultural Obligations,” NYU Philosophy Colloquium, November 19, 2021
USC Legal Theory Seminar, February 22, 2022
Weinstein Fellowship, University of Berkeley, April 2022
Kadish Workshop, University of Berkeley, April 22, 2022
Cambridge University, May 16-20, 2022

Involvement with the Legal Profession

Professor Moreau believes that legal theory should be informed by, and engaged with, legal practice. She was called to the Ontario Bar in 2006. Her approach to discrimination has been cited by the Canadian Supreme Court in seminal equality rights cases (most recently, Fraser v Canada, 2020 SCC 28; Quebec v. A, [2013] 1 S.C.R. 61); Withler v. Canada, [2011] 1 SCR 396; and R. v. Kapp, [2008] 2 S.C.R. 483,. She has made presentations to the Ontario Court of Appeal and the Constitutional Law Branch of the Ministry of the Attorney General, Ontario; has worked with L.E.A.F.; and has been a member of the Research Ethics Board at Toronto’s Hospital for Sick Children. In 2005, she wrote a commissioned report for the Government of Canada recommending that “gender identity” be added to the Canadian Human Rights Act as a prohibited ground of discrimination (it was added in 2017). She was called to the Bar of Ontario in 2006.

J.D., University of Toronto, Faculty of Law
Ph.D., Harvard University, Department of Philosophy
B.Phil., Oxford University, Balliol College
B.A. (High Distinction), University of Toronto, Victoria College
Awards and distinctions
Chancellor Jackman Research Fellowship, 2021-22
Weinstein Fellow, University of California at Berkeley, Spring 2022
5 year Insight Grant, SSHRC, 2019-2024
Standard Research Grant, SSHRC, 2006-2014
Aid to Workshops Grant, SSHRC, 2011-2012
Wright Grant, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto, 2005-06
Emily and Charles Carrier Dissertation Prize, Harvard University, 2000
Francis Bowen Prize in Philosophy, Harvard University, 2000
Research areas
Equality and Anti-Discrimination Law
Moral Philosophy
Political Philosophy and Theory
Tort Law and Tort Theory