Professor of Law and Philosophy

Jackman Law Building
78 Queen's Park
Toronto, Ontario M5S 2C5 

Tel.: 416-946-7830


Sophia Moreau is Professor of Law and Philosophy (with a cross-appointment in the Department of Philosophy), a Faculty Associate at the U of T’s Centre for Ethics, and a Faculty Associate of Victoria College. She is an Associate Editor of Philosophy and Public Affairs, Book Reviews Editor of the University of Toronto Law Journal, and a member of the Editorial Board of Law and Philosophy. Prior to coming to the University of Toronto, she clerked for Chief Justice Beverley McLachlin at the Supreme Court of Canada; was a Frank Knox Memorial Fellow at Harvard University; and was a Commonwealth Scholar at Balliol College Oxford. 

Professor Moreau is the PI on the “Tort Law & Social Equality” project. She holds a Chancellor Jackman Research Fellowship in 2021-22, and will be a Weinstein Fellow at Berkeley in the spring of 2022.

Major Publications

Professor Moreau’s book, Faces of Inequality: A Theory of Wrongful Discrimination,” was published by Oxford University Press in 2020 (Oxford Legal Philosophy Series). For critical essays on the book, see the Review Symposium published in Jurisprudence 12.4 (2022), available here through with essays by Deborah Hellman, Niko Kolodny, Seana Shiffrin, Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen, and Rebecca Cook. Another Review Symposium is forthcoming in the Jerusalem Review of Legal Studies (summer 2022), with essays by David Estlund, Cheshire Calhoun, Adi Goldiner and Re’em Segev.

Professor Moreau’s other work on discrimination includes articles such as “Discrimination and Subordination”, “The Moral Seriousness of Indirect Discrimination”, “Equality and Discrimination”, “What is Discrimination?”, “Discrimination as Negligence” and “In Defense of a Liberty-Based Account of Discrimination.” Her other books include Philosophical Foundations of Discrimination Law (co-edited with Deborah Hellman) and Law and Morality (co-edited with David Dyzenhaus and Arthur Ripstein).

Current Projects

Professor Moreau is currently working on two major projects.

The Tort Law & Social Equality Project (, which Professor Moreau runs together with Professors Zoe Sinel (UWO) and Professor Jean Thomas (Queen’s) involves a database tracking the impact of a variety of torts and tort law rules on minority groups in Canada, as well as a monthly Discussion Forum promoting awareness of the ways in which tort law perpetuates social inequalities.

“Institutional Roles and Morality” is a research project in normative ethics, which explores the many ways in which morality is structured by our institutional roles and the obligations to which they give rise. 

Upcoming Talks

“Morality and Institutional Role Obligations,” ANU Department of Philosophy (online), March 10, 2022

Kadish Workshop, University of Berkeley, April 22, 2022

NYU Colloquium in Legal, Political and Social Philosophy, September 15, 2022

Keynote Address, CEPDISC conference, October 24-26, 2022

Involvement with the Legal Profession

Professor Moreau believes that legal theory should be informed by, and engaged with, legal practice. She was called to the Ontario Bar in 2006. Her approach to discrimination has been cited by the Canadian Supreme Court in seminal equality rights cases (most recently, Fraser v Canada, 2020 SCC 28; Quebec v. A, [2013] 1 S.C.R. 61); Withler v. Canada, [2011] 1 SCR 396; and R. v. Kapp, [2008] 2 S.C.R. 483,. She has made presentations to the Ontario Court of Appeal and the Constitutional Law Branch of the Ministry of the Attorney General, Ontario; has worked with L.E.A.F.; and has been a member of the Research Ethics Board at Toronto’s Hospital for Sick Children. In 2005, she wrote a commissioned report for the Government of Canada recommending that “gender identity” be added to the Canadian Human Rights Act as a prohibited ground of discrimination (it was added in 2017). She was called to the Bar of Ontario in 2006.

J.D., University of Toronto, Faculty of Law
Ph.D., Harvard University, Department of Philosophy
B.Phil., Oxford University, Balliol College
B.A. (High Distinction), University of Toronto, Victoria College
Awards and distinctions
Chancellor Jackman Research Fellowship, 2021-22
Weinstein Fellow, University of California at Berkeley, Spring 2022
5 year Insight Grant, SSHRC, 2019-2024
Standard Research Grant, SSHRC, 2006-2014
Aid to Workshops Grant, SSHRC, 2011-2012
Wright Grant, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto, 2005-06
Emily and Charles Carrier Dissertation Prize, Harvard University, 2000
Francis Bowen Prize in Philosophy, Harvard University, 2000
Research areas
Equality and Anti-Discrimination Law
Moral Philosophy
Political Philosophy and Theory
Tort Law and Tort Theory