Back to Jutta Brunnée's profile


Procedure and Substance in International Environmental Law; in Hague Academy, Collected Courses / Receuil des Cours Vol. 405, 75 (2020).

International Climate Change Law (Oxford University Press, May 2017) [Daniel Bodansky, Jutta Brunnée and Lavanya Rajamani].

Awarded the American Society of International Law’s 2018 Certificate of Merit “in a specialized area of international law”

Promoting Compliance in an Evolving Climate Regime (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012) [edited with Meinhard Doelle and Lavanya Rajamani].

Climate Change Liability: Transnational Law and Practice (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012) [edited with Silke Goldberg, Richard Lord and Lavanya Rajamani].

Legitimacy and Legality in International Law: An Interactional Account (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, July 2010) [w/ S.J. Toope].

2011 Certificate of Merit award winner from the American Society of International Law: "for a preeminent contribution to creative scholarship."

The journal International Theory published a symposium of comments on the book including:

"Interactional international law: an Introduction" (2011) 3:2 International Theory 307–318 (with Stephen J. Toope).

"History, mystery, and mastery" (2011) 3:2 International Theory 348–354 (with Stephen J. Toope).

The Oxford Handbook on International Environmental Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008) [edited jointly with Professors Daniel Bodansky (University of Georgia) and Ellen Hey (Erasmus University Rotterdam)].

A Globally Integrated Climate Policy for Canada (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2007) [edited jointly with Steven Bernstein, David Duff and Andrew Green]. (view abstract)

The Oxford Handbook on International Environmental Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007) [edited jointly with Professors Daniel Bodansky (University of Georgia) and Ellen Hey (Erasmus University Rotterdam)].

Yearbook of International Environmental Law (Oxford University Press) [Editor-in-Chief, with Professor Ellen Hey, of vols. 8-11, 1997-2001].

Acid Rain and Ozone Layer Depletion: International Law and Regulation (Dobbs Ferry, NY: Transnational Publishers, 1988).


Articles in Refereed Journals, Book Chapters, Reviews, Comments

Full-text versions, where available, can be accessed by clicking on the linked title.

“Limitation of the Use of Force,” in Kindred's International Law – Chiefly as Interpreted and Applied in Canada, 9th edition (Emond Montgomery, 2019), 859-942 (Chapter 11).

The Rule of International (Environmental) Law and Complex Problems,” in Heike Krieger, Georg Nolte and Andreas Zimmermann, eds., The International Rule of Law: Rise or Decline (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019), 211-231.

Norm Robustness and Contestation in International Law: Self-Defence against Non-State Actors,” (2019) 4/1 Journal of Global Security Studies 73-87 [w/ S.J. Toope].

International Law and the Practice of Legality: Stability and Change,” (2019) 49 Victoria University of Wellington Law Review 429-445 [w/ S.J. Toope].

Community Obligations in International Environmental Law: Procedural Aspects,” in Eyal Benvenisti and Georg Nolte, eds., Community Obligations across International Law (Oxford University Press, 2018), 150-175.

"Challenging International Law: What's New?", Keynote Address to the annual conference of the Canadian Council on International Law, Ottawa, on November 2, 2018 [for Part II, see this link; for Part III, see this link].

“Völkerrechtskritik: Gestern und Heute (Critiques of International Law: Then and Now),” in Dethloff/Nolte/Reinisch, eds., Rückblick nach 100 Jahren und Ausblick – MigrationsbewegungenBerichte der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Völkerrecht (Proceedings of the German Society of International Law), Volume 49 (Heidelberg: C.F. Müller Verlag, 2018) 167-191.

Self-Defence against Non-State Actors: Are Powerful States Willing but Unable to Change the Law?”(2018) 67 International & Comparative Law Quarterly 263-286 [w/ S.J. Toope].

"Interactional Legal Theory, the International Rule of Law and Global Constitutionalism," in Anthony F. Lang and Antje Wiener, eds., Handbook of Global Constitutionalism (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2017) 170-182 [w/ S.J. Toope]. 

The Sources of International Environmental Law: Interactional Law,” in Samantha Besson and Jean d’Aspremont, eds., The Oxford Handbook on Sources of International Law (Oxford University Press, 2017) 960-983.

"The Rule of Law in an Agnostic World: The Prohibition on the Use of Force and Humanitarian Exceptions," in Wouter Werner et al., eds., The Law of International Lawyers: Reading Martti Koskenniemi (Cambridge University Press, 2017) 137-166 [w/ S.J. Toope].

"Procedure and Substance in International Environmental Law: Confused at a Higher Level," Reflections on International Law, European Society of International Law (June 2016)

“Teaching an Old Law New Tricks: International Environmental Law Lessons for Cyberspace Governance;” (2015) 58 German Yearbook of International Law 129-168 [w/ T. Meshel].

“International Law and Transnational Terrorism,” in E. Iacobucci and S.J. Toope, eds, After the Paris Attacks: Responses in Canada, Europe and Around the Globe (UofT Press, 2015), pp. 101-110.

“Limitation of the Use of Force,” in H. Kindred et al., eds., International Law – Chiefly as Interpreted and Applied in Canada, 8th edition (Emond Montgomery, 2014), 781-869 (Chapter 11).

Transparency and International Environmental Institutions,” in Andrea Bianchi & Anne Peters, eds., Transparency in International Law (Cambridge University Press, 2013), 23-48 [w/ E. Hey]

The UNFCCC as a Negotiation Forum: Towards Common but more Differentiated Responsibilities,” (2013) 13 Climate Policy 589-607 [w/ C. Streck].

"International Environmental Law," in Tony Carty, ed., Oxford Bibliographies Online: International Law - Oxford Bibliography on International Law (2013).

"Constructivism and International Law" in Jeffrey L. Dunoff and Mark A. Pollack, eds., Interdisciplinary Perspectives on International Law and International Relations: The State of the Art (Cambridge University Press, 2012) 119-145 [with S.J. Toope].

"The Responsibility to Protect and the Use of Force: Building Legality?" (2010) 2/3 Global Responsibility to Protect 191-212 [with S.J. Toope].

"An Agreement in Principle? The Copenhagen et al., eds Law of the Sea in Dialogue (Heidelberg: Springer, 2010) 47-72.

"From Bali to Copenhagen: Towards a Shared Vision for a Post-2012 Climate Regime?" (2010) 25 Maryland Journal of International Law 86-108.

"Sic Utere Tuo," in Rüdiger Wolfrum, eds., Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008). 

"Climate Change, Global Environmental Justice and International Law," in Jonas Ebbesson and Phoebe Okowa, eds. Environmental Law and Justice in Context (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009) 316-332. 

"Europe, the United States and the Global Climate Regime: All Together Now?" (Fall 2008) 24 Journal of Land Use and Environmental Law 1-43.

"The Stockholm Declaration and the Structure and Processes of International Environmental Law," in Aldo Chircop and Ted McDorman, eds., The Future of Ocean Regime Building: Essays in Tribute to Douglas M. Johnston (Kluwer Law, 2008) 41-62.

Previously published in Myron H. Nordquist, et al., eds., The Stockholm Declaration and the Law of the Marine Environment (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2003) 67-84.

"Consent" in Rüdger Wolfrum, ed., Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008).

"International Legislation" in Rüdger Wolfrum, ed., Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008).

"Climate Policy beyond Kyoto: The Perspective of the European Union" in Steven Bernstein, Jutta Brunneé, David Duff and Andrew Green, eds., A Globally Integrated Climate Change Policy for Canada (Toronto: U of T Press, 2007) 57-78 [with Kelly Levin].

"Introduction: A Globally Integrated Climate Change Policy for Canada" in Steven Bernstein, Jutta Brunneé, David Duff and Andrew Green, eds., A Globally Integrated Climate Change Policy for Canada (Toronto: U of T Press, 2007) 3-34 [with Steven Bernstein, David Duff and Andrew Green].

"International Law and Collective Concerns: Reflections on the Responsibility to Protect" Contribution to Ndiaye and Wolfrum, eds., Liber Amicorum Judge Thomas A. Mensah: Law of the Sea, Protection of the Marine Environment and Settlement of Disputes (Brill, 2007) 35-51.

"Compliance Control Through Active Treaty Management: The Engine that Could?" in Geir Ulfstein et. al., eds., Making Treaties Work: Human Rights, Environment and Arms Control (Cambridge University Press, 2007) 373-390.

"Common Areas, Common Heritage and Common Concerns" in Bodansky, Brunneé & Hey, eds., Oxford Handbook of International Environmental Law (Oxford: OUP, 2007) 550-573.

"International Environmental Law: Mapping the Field" in Bodansky, Brunneé & Hey, eds., Oxford Handbook of International Environmental Law (Oxford: OUP, 2007) 1-25 [with Daniel Bodansky and Ellen Hey].

"Norms, Institutions and UN Reform: The Responsibility to Protect" (2006) 2 Journal of International Law and International Relations 121-137 [with S.J. Toope].

[A slightly modified version appears in: (2006) 63/3 Behind the Headlines 1-20.]

"Enforcement Mechanisms in International Law and International Environmental Law" in U. Beyerlin et al., eds. Ensuring Compliance with Multilateral Environmental Agreements: A Dialogue between Practitioners and Academia (Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2006) 1-23.

"Limitations of the Use of Force" Chapter 15 for Hugh Kindred, et al., eds., International Law, Chiefly as Applied and Interpreted in Canada, 7th Ed. (Toronto: Emond Montgomery, 2006) 1109-1219.

"International Legal Accountability through the Lens of the Law of State Responsibility" (2005) 36 Netherlands Yearbook of International Law 3-38.

"Multilateral Environmental Agreements and the Compliance Continuum" in Gerd Winter, ed., Transnational Governance of Environmental Change (Cambridge University Press, 2005) 387-408.

"The Security Council and Self-Defence: Which Way to Global Security?" in N.M. Blokker and N.J. Schrijver, eds., The Security Council and The Use of Force (Leiden: Brill, 2005) 107-132. (pdf)

"Iraq: A fork in the road for a special relationship?" (2005) 60/2 International Journal 375-384 [with Adrian Di Giovanni].

"Reweaving the Fabric of International Law? Patterns of Consent in Environmental Framework Agreements" in Rüdiger Wolfrum & Volker Röben, eds., Developments of International Law in Treaty-Making? 101-126 (Berlin: Springer Verlag, 2005).

Also published in Matthew Craven & Malgosia Fitzmaurice, eds., Interrogating the Treaty: Essays in the Contemporary Law of Treaties (Tilburg: Wolf Legal Publishers, 2005) 119-136.

"Slouching Towards New Just Wars: International Law and the Use of Force after September 11" (2004) L1 Netherlands International Law Review 363-392 [with S.J. Toope]. 

"The United States and International Environmental Law: Living with an Elephant" (2004) 15/4 European Journal of International Law 617-649.

"Slouching Towards New Just Wars: The Hegemon After September 11" (December 2004) 18/4 International Relations 5-24 (Special Issue on “Evil in International Affairs”)  [with S.J. Toope].

"The Use of Force: International Law After Iraq" (2004) 53 International & Comparative Law Quarterly 785-806 [with S.J. Toope].

"Canada and the Use of Force: Reclaiming Human Security"  (2004) 59 International Journal (Canadian Institute of International Affairs) 247-260 [with S.J. Toope]. 

"A Hesitant Embrace: Baker and the Application of International Law by Canadian Courts" in David Dyzenhaus, ed., The Unity of Public Law 357-388 (Hart Publishing: 2004) [with S.J. Toope].

"Of Sense and Sensibility: International Liability Regimes as a Tool for Environmental Protection" (2004) 53/2 International & Comparative Law Quarterly 351-367.

"The Nile Basin Regime: A Role for Law?" in Abdulraman S. Alsharhan & Warren W. Wood, eds., Water Resources Perspectives: Evaluation, Management and Policy 93-117 (Elsevier, 2003) [with S.J. Toope].

"A Hesitant Embrace: The Application of International Law by Canadian Courts" (2002) Canadian Yearbook of International Law 3-60 [with S.J. Toope].

"Persuasion and Enforcement: Explaining Compliance with International Law," (2002) XIII Finnish Ybook. Int'l L. 1-23 [with S.J. Toope].

"On the Legality of the Use of Force against Iraq," (2003) 59/4 Behind the Headlines 1-9.

"The Kyoto Protocol: A Testing Ground for Compliance Theories?" (2003) 63/2 Zeitschrift für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht (Heidelberg Journal of International Law) 255-280.

"Between Sovereignty, Efficiency and Legitimacy: Lawmaking under Multilateral Environmental Agreements," in Obiora Okafor & Obijiofor Aginam, eds., Humanizing Our Global Order: Essays in Honour of Ivan Head (2003) 62-79.

"COPing with Consent: Lawmaking under Multilateral Environmental Agreements" (2002) 15 Leiden Journal of International Law 1-52. (download article: to find the article do a search, or click "Journal Contents", then "2002, Issue 1.")

"The Changing Nile Basin Regime: Does Law Matter?" (2002) 43/1 Harvard International Law Journal 105-159 [with S. J. Toope].

"A Long and Winding Road: Bringing International Environmental Law into Canadian Courts," in Michael Anderson & Paolo Galizzi, eds., International Environmental Law in National Courts, 45-64 (British Institute of International and Comparative Law, 2002) [revised and updated from “International Environmental Law in Canadian Courts,” 1998].

"Terrorism and Legal Change: An International Law Lesson," in R.J. Daniels et al., eds., The Security of Freedom: Essays on Canada’s Anti-Terrorism Bill, (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2001) 341-352. (view abstract)

"Interactional International Law," (2001) 3 International Law FORUM de droit International 186-192 [with S. J. Toope].

"International Law and Constructivism: Elements of an Interactional Theory of International Law" (2000) 39 Columbia Journal of Transnational Law 19-74 [with S.J. Toope].

"A Fine Balance: Facilitation and Enforcement in the Design of a Compliance Regime for the Kyoto Protocol" (2000) 13 Tulane Environmental Law Journal 223-270.

"Pushing the Margins: Bringing Ecosystem Orientation into the Law of International Watercourses" in S. Vinogradov & and P. Wouters, eds. Sustainable Management of Transboundary Watercourses: Theory and Practice (Eastern and Western Perspectives) (Doordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1998) [forthcoming].

"The Challenge to International Law: Water Defying Sovereignty or Sovereignty Defying Reality?" in Instituto da Defesa Nacional, ed. O Desafio das Aguas: Seguranca Internacional e Desenvolvimenti Duradouro  (Portuguese Institute of National Defense. 1998) 51-66.

"Freshwater Regimes: The Mandate of the International Joint Commission" (1998) 15 Arizona Journal of International and Comparative Law 273-287 [with S.J. Toope].

"International Environmental Law in Canadian Courts" (1998) 7 Review of European Community and International Environmental Law 48-57.

"The Role of National Courts in Implementing International Environmental Law" (1998) 7 Review of European Community and International Environmental Law 12-21 [with D. Bodansky].

"Between the Forests and the Trees - An Emerging International Forest Law" (1997) 23 Environmental Conservation 307-314 [with A. Nollkaemper].

"Environmental Security and Freshwater Resources: Ecosystem Regime Building" (1997) 91 American Journal of International Law 26- 59 [with S.J. Toope].

"From a 'Black Hole' Into a Greener Future? Comparative Perspectives on Environmental Liability Law in Quebec and Its Reform" in J.E.C. Brierley et al., eds. Mélanges Paul-André Crépeau 155-197 (Cowansville: Les Editions Yvon Blais, 1997).

"A Conceptual Framework for an International Forest Convention: Customary Law and Emerging Principles", in Canadian Council of International Law, ed. Global Forests and International Environmental Law 41-77 (London: Graham & Trotman, 1996).

"Environmental Security and Freshwater Resources: A Case for International Ecosystem Law" (1994) 5 Yearbook of International Environmental Law 41-76 [with S.J. Toope].

"Environmental Security and Freshwater Resources: The Role of International Law" in Proceedings of the 1994 Annual Conference of the Canadian Council on International Law 124-133.

"Toward International Ecosystem Law? A Legal and Policy Framework for Freshwater Resources" (1995) 1 Ecosystem Health 31-41.

"Environmental Security in the Twenty-First Century: New Momentum for the Development of International Environmental Law?" (1995) 18 Fordham International Law Journal 2201-2206.

"Toward Effective International Environmental Law -Trends and Developments" in Steven A. Kennett, ed. Law and Process in Environmental Management (Calgary: Canadian Institute of Resources Law, 1993) 217-236.

"The Responsibility of States for Environmental Harm in a Multinational Context - Problems and Trends" (1993) 34 Cahiers de Droit 827-845.

"Beyond Rio? The Evolution of International Environmental Law" (1993) 20 Alternatives 16-23.

"L'unification de l'enseignement du droit en Europe?" in La circulation des modèles juridiques (Les Éditions Yvon Blais, 1993) 567-576.

"The Reform of Legal Education in Germany - The Neverending Story and European Integration" (1992) 42/3 Journal of Legal Education 399-427.

"The Jigsaw Puzzle of International Environmental Protection: International Approaches to Atmospheric Pollution and the Baltic Sea" (Spring 1992) 20 International Journal of Legal Information 1-17.

"Individual and Group Enforcement of Environmental Law in Québec" (1992) 41 University of New Brunswick Law Journal 107-123.

"The Baltic Sea Area and Long-Range Atmospheric Pollution - How Regional Cooperation Fits Into the Larger Picture" (1991) 37 McGill Law Journal 853-887.

"The Reunification of Germany: Comments on a Legal Maze" (1990) 13 Dalhousie Law Journal 725-741.

"Common Interest - Echoes from an Empty Shell? Some Thoughts on Common Interest and International Environmental Law" (1989) 49 Zeitschrift für Ausländisches Öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht 791-808. 

"Follow-Up to the 1985 Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer" (1987) 3 International Insights 77-80.

Book Reviews

"ONUMA, Yasuaki, International Law in a Transcivilizational World (Cambridge University Press, 2017," (2018) 59 Harvard International Law Journal 431-441.

“A Constructivist Theory of International Law? (Comment on Janina Dill, Legitimate Targets, CUP 2014),” EJIL: Talk! — September 2015 

"Transboundary Harm in International Law: Lessons from the Trail Smelter Arbitration" R. Bratspies and R. Miller, eds., (2008) 102 American Journal of International Law 395-400.

Jutta Brunnée, "Legalization and World Politics. Edited by Judith L. Goldstein, Miles Kahler, Robert O. Keohane, and Anne-Marie Slaughter (2001)," (2003) 1/1 Perspectives on Politics (American Political Science Association) 231.

"Umweltvölkerrecht, by Ulrich Beyerlin" (2001) 61/1 Zeitschrift für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht (Heidelberg Journal of International Law) 320-322.

"The Precautionary Principle and International Law - The Challenge of Implementation," D. Freestone and E. Hey, eds., (1997) 91 American Journal of International Law 210-212.

"Precautionary Legal Duties and Principles in Modern International Environmental Law, by H. Hohmann" (1995) 33 Canadian Yearbook of International Law 484-489.

"Die angemessene Nutzung gemeinsamer Naturgüter, by A. Reinicke" (1996) 34 Archiv des Völkerrechts 245-246.

"Participation and Litigation Rights of Environmental Associations in Europe, M. Führ and G. Roller, eds." (1996) 34 Archiv des Völkerrechts 246-247.

"Manual of European Environmental Law, by A. Kiss and D. Shelton " (1994) 88 American Journal of International Law 859-861.

"Preventive Legal Obligations and Principles in Modern International Environmental Law, by H. Hohmann" (1993) 18 Queen's Law J. 15-24.

"Damages for Environmental Harm, Ontario Law Reform Commission" (1991) 70 Canadian Bar Review 403.

"Erdpolitik: Ökologische Realpolitik an der Schwelle zum Jahrhundert der Umwelt, by E.-U. von Weizsäcker" (1990) 1 Yearbook of International Environmental Law 397-398.

"Constitutional Law (kempo), by M. Toshiyoshi" (1988) 32 Dalhousie Law Journal 971-973.

"The Legal Chapter in the Jin-Shu, by R. Heuser" (1988) 31 Dalhousie Law Journal 751-754.

Short Opinion Pieces

 “Whither the rule of law?” The Globe & Mail, February 9, 2017 [w/ Sj Toope]

“Let Paris be the moment we confronted two global threats,” The Globe & Mail, November 19, 2015

"Getting on like a house on fire - Bali style," Op-Ed, Faculty of Law Blog (Posted December 13, 2007).

"The Bali Challenge: How to get a global climate deal, and fast?" Op-Ed, Faculty of Law Blog (Posted November 30, 2007).

"Shifting the Global Climate Debate: When Bad News is Good News," (Fall 2007) NEXUS31-33

"A Common but Differentiated Approach to Global Climate Policy: How not to Re-invent the Wheel," Op-Ed, Faculty of Law Blog (Posted October 17, 2007).

"UN best forum for addressing climate change: Existing regimen has guidleines to achieve results," Op-Ed, The National Post, October 3, 2007.

"Balanced Climate Policy, Made in Canada?" Op-Ed, Faculty of Law Blog (Posted September 28, 2007).

"How to navigate through Kyoto's rocky shoals," Op-Ed, Toronto Star, February 26, 2007.

"Why Canadians are right on Kyoto," Op-Ed, Toronto Star, February 4, 2007.

"The Responsibility to Protect: Lofty Language or Foundational Norm," NEXUS (Winter 2006-2007), 30-33.

"After Iraq: Reality Check on International Law," (Summer 2003) NEXUS 24-25. 2003 

"How to restore global law", The Toronto Star, April 14, 2003.

"The Bush Doctrine: International law is meant to constrain", National Post, Oct. 23, 2002.

Back to T