Prof. Gillian Hadfield
Professor of Law

Jackman Law Building, room J440
78 Queen's Park
Toronto, Ontario M5S 2C5

Tel.: 416-978-4214

Gillian Hadfield is Professor of Law and Professor of Strategic Management. Her research is focused on innovative design for legal and dispute resolution systems in advanced and developing market economies; governance for artificial intelligence (AI); the markets for law, lawyers, and dispute resolution; and contract law and theory. She teaches Contracts; Problems in Legal Design; Legal Design Lab, and Responsible AI.

Prior to rejoining the University of Toronto in 2018, Professor Hadfield was the Richard L. and Antoinette Schamoi Kirtland Professor of Law and Professor of Economics at the University of Southern California from 2001 to 2018.  She began her teaching career at the University of California Berkeley and was previously on the University of Toronto Faculty of Law from 1995-2000. Her book Rules for a Flat World: Why Humans Invented Law and How to Reinvent It for a Complex Global Economy was published by Oxford University Press in 2017.

Professor Hadfield served as clerk to Chief Judge Patricia Wald on the U.S. Court of Appeals, D.C. Circuit.  She was the Daniel R. Fischel and Sylvia M. Neil Distinguished Visiting Professor of Law at the University of Chicago (Fall 2016), the Eli Goldston Visiting Professor (Spring 2012) and the Sidley Austin Visiting Professor (Winter 2010) at Harvard Law School, and the Justin W. D'Atri Visiting Professor of Law, Business and Society at Columbia Law School (Fall 2008.) She was a 2006-07 and 2010-11 fellow of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences and a National Fellow at the Hoover Institution in 1993. She also has held Olin Fellowships at Columbia Law School, Cornell Law School, and USC and is a member of the Comparative Law and Economics Forum. She is past president of the Canadian Law and Economics Association and a former director of the American Law and Economics Association and the Society for Institutional and Organizational Economics and a member of the American Law Institute.  She is on the editorial committee for the Annual Review of Law and Social Science and previously served on the editorial boards for Law and Social Inquiry and the University of Toronto Law Journal.

Professor Hadfield is a member of the World Economic Forum’s Future Council for Agile Governance and co-curates their Tranformation Map for Justice and Legal Infrastructure; she previously served on the Forum’s Future Council for Technology, Values and Policy and Global Agenda Council for Justice.  She is currently a member of the American Bar Association’s Commission on the Future of Legal Education, and the Dubai Courts of the Future Forum.  She is a Senior Policy Advisor for OpenAI in San Francisco, and an advisor to courts and several organizations and technology companies engaged in innovating new ways to make law and policy smarter, more accessible, and more responsive to technology and artificial intelligence including the Hague Institute for the Innovation of Law, the National Center for State Courts, LegalZoom, Responsive Law, Sagewise (building a digital jurisdiction for blockchain technology and smart contracts) and RhubarbFund (developing a blockchain-based system for online dispute resolution.) 

Ph.D. (Economics) – Stanford University
M.A. (Economics) – Stanford University
J.D. – Stanford Law School
B.A. (Hons.) (Economics) – Queen’s University
Academic appointments
Professor of Strategic Management, Rotman School of Management
Faculty Affiliate, Vector Institute for Artificial Intelligence
Faculty Affiliate, Center for Human-Compatible AI at the University of California, Berkeley
Awards and distinctions
Member, American Law Institute
Member, Order of the Coif
Phi Kappa Phi Faculty Recognition Award (2018)
Fellow, Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford (2006-2007, 2010-2011)
Olin Fellow in Law and Economics, University of Southern California Law School (2000-2001)
Olin Fellow in Law and Economics, Cornell Law School (1999-2000)
National First Prize, Nathan Burkan Memorial Competition (1988)
New Directions Mellon Fellowship (1986)
Selected publications

“Is Rule of Law an Equilibrium Without Private Ordering?” (with Barry Weingast) in Jack Knight and Melissa Schwartz (eds.) Privatization: NOMOS LX, (NYU Press, 2018).

Rules for a Flat World: Why Humans Invented Law and How to Reinvent It for a Complex Global Economy (Oxford University Press, 2017).

“Scaffolding:  Using Formal Contracts to Build Informal Relations to Support Innovation.” (with Iva Bozovic) Wisconsin Law Review Vol. 2016, pp. 981-1032

“How to Regulate Legal Services to Promote Access, Innovation, and the Quality of Lawyering.” (with Deborah Rhode). (2016) Hastings Law Journal Vol 67, pp. 1191-1223.

“Life in the Law-Thick World:  The Legal Resource Landscape for Ordinary Americans.” (with Jamie Heine).  In S. Estreicher and J Radice (eds.) Beyond Elite Law:  Access to Civil Justice in America (Cambridge:  Cambridge University Press, 2016).

Research areas
Economic Analysis of Law
Legal Process
Legal Theory