Instructor(s): Richard Albert

For graduate students, the course number is LAW7087HF.

Course Location: Please see the "Intensive Course Schedule" under Schedules and Timetables

Note: Students may enroll in an intensive course that conflicts with a regular course as an exception to the general rule that students may not take courses which conflict on the timetable. Attendance at intensive courses is mandatory for the duration of the course and takes precedence over regular courses.

In this course, you will study the forms of constitutional change—amendment, revision, interpretation and evolution—from comparative, doctrinal, historical and theoretical perspectives. The Canadian Constitution will be front-and-centre but you will also learn about other jurisdictions, including France, Germany, India, Japan, Mexico, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States as well as Europe and the Caribbean. Topics include the political and philosophical foundations of constitutional amendment, the procedures and purposes of constitutional change, the status and enforceability of unwritten constitutional norms, the theory and doctrine of unamendability, the consequences of amendment difficulty, and the use and misuse of referenda in constitutional change.

Note: Laptops and computers in the classroom are not permitted.

Students will be required to write a paper of 2500 to 3000 words. Papers must be delivered to the Records Office by 4:00 p.m. on Thursday, October 19, 2017.

At a Glance

First Term


20 JD


Monday, September 18, 2017: 2:10 - 4:00
Tuesday, September 19, 2017: 12:30 - 2:00
Wednesday, September 20, 2017: 4:10 - 6:00
Thursday, September 21, 2017: 10:30 - 12:20
Monday, September 25, 2017: 4:10 - 6:00
Tuesday, September 26, 2017: 11:00 - 12:30
Wednesday, September 27, 2017: 2:10 - 4:00
Thursday, September 28, 2017: 2:10 - 4:00