Associate Professor

Jackman Law Building
78 Queen's Park
Toronto, Ontario M5S 2C5 

Tel.: 416-946-7830

Sophia Moreau, B.Phil (Oxford) 1996; Ph.D. (Harvard) 2000; J.D. (Toronto) 2002 is Associate Professor at the Faculty of Law and Associate Professor in the Department of Philosophy.  She also teaches in the undergraduate Vic One program at Victoria College in the University of Toronto.

Professor Moreau writes both on contemporary legal issues, particularly discrimination law and equality rights, and on philosophical issues in moral and political philosophy.  She has published articles on discrimination law and theory, constitutional equality rights, practical reasoning, moral assessments of character, contractualism, and the doctrine of double effect.  Her articles have appeared in journals such as Philosophy and Public Affairs, Ethics, Utilitas, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, the Canadian Journal of Philosophy, the University of Toronto Law Journal, and a number of other law journals in Canada, as well as in anthologies such as Philosophical Foundations of Constitutional Law and Philosophical Foundations of Discrimination Law.

Her current major research project is a book-length project that lays out an original theory of what discrimination is and why it is wrong, based on ideas outlined in “What is Discrimination?”, “Discrimination as Negligence” and “In Defense of a Liberty-Based Account of Discrimination”. Professor Moreau’s approach to discrimination has been cited by the Canadian Supreme Court in seminal equality rights cases such as R. v. Kapp, [2008] 2 S.C.R. 483, Withler v. Canada, [2011] 1 SCR 396, and Quebec v. A, [2013] 1 S.C.R. 61.

Professor Moreau believes strongly that legal theory should be informed by, and engaged with, legal practice.  She has presented work to the Ontario Court of Appeal and the Constitutional Law Branch of the Ministry of the Attorney General, Ontario; she has worked with L.E.A.F. on a number of occasions; and she has been a member of the Research Ethics Board at Toronto’s Hospital for Sick Children.  In 2005, she wrote a commissioned report for the federal government recommending that “gender identity” be added to the Canadian Human Rights Act as a prohibited ground of discrimination.  The report was entitled: “What Makes a Ground of Discrimination?”

Prior to coming to the University of Toronto, Professor Moreau served as law clerk to Chief Justice Beverley McLachlin of the Supreme Court of Canada in 2002-2003.  She was also a Frank Knox Memorial Fellow at Harvard University and a Commonwealth Scholar at the University of Oxford.

Education
J.D., University of Toronto, Faculty of Law
Ph.D., Harvard University, Department of Philosophy
B.Phil., Oxford University, Balliol College
B.A. (High Distinction), University of Toronto, Victoria College
Awards and distinctions
S.S.H.R.C. Standard Research Grant, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, 2006-2014 (deferred during maternity leaves)
S.S.H.R.C. Aid to Workshops Grant, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, July 2011-June 2012 (for Discrimination Colloquium, Sept. 23-4 2011)
Wright Grant, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto (2005 - 06)
The Emily and Charles Carrier Dissertation Prize, Harvard University (2000)
The Francis Bowen Prize in Philosophy, Harvard University (2000)
Harvard Merit Fellowship (1999)
Frank Knox Memorial Fellowship, Harvard University (1996 - 98)
Oxford University - Commonwealth Scholarship (1994 - 1996)
Other service
Member of the Editorial Board, Law and Philosophy (2010 - ongoing)
Member of the Research Ethics Board, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto (2007-2011)
Member of the Law Society of Upper Canada (2006 Call to the Bar; not currently practising)
Research interests
Charter of Rights
Equality and Anti-Discrimination Law
Political Philosophy and Theory
Tort Law and Tort Theory